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Co-operative ventures, formed on the basis of the mutual benefit of members rather than a profit motive, are a long standing radical method of attempting to establish a different form of social organsation. These can take many forms (stores and child care are common examples).

One form of co-operative is the co-operative settlement. William Lane's famous attempt at establishing a socialist community, New Australia , in Paraguay is the most famous example. Rural co-operatives date from the nineteenth century, in particular from the depression of the 1890s. There was another wave in the 1920s and 1930s, and again in the 1970s.


Newspaper Articles

  • 'Co-operation', Radical (Hamilton, Newcastle, N.S.W.), 23 April 1887, p. 35. Image PDF Details
  • 'The advantages and benefits of co-operation', The Radical (Hamilton, Newcastle, N.S.W.), 16 April 1887. Image PDF Details
  • 'Objectives of New Australia, November 1892', New Australia (Wagga Wagga), vol. 1, no. 1, 19 November 1892. Transcript HTML Transcript PDF Details
  • 'Objectives of New Australia, December 1892', New Australia (Wagga Wagga), vol. 1, no. 2, 17 December 1892. Transcript HTML Transcript PDF Details
  • 'Our wasted resources', The Worker [Queensland] (Brisbane), 26 October 1895. Image PDF Details
  • Dyson, Edward, 'Co-operation in a new form', The Bull-ant (Melbourne), 11 June 1891, p. 7. Image PDF Details
  • Tremayne, Arthur, 'Co-operative Irrigation Colonies', The Bull-ant (Melbourne), 3 March 1891, p. 15. Image PDF Details


  • Galier, W. H., A visit to Blestland, G. Robertson [This scan courtesy of the State Library of Victoria], Melbourne, 1896. Image PDF Details